Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Bam University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiology of dermatomycoses in Kerman province, southeast of Iran: A 10-years retrospective study (2004–2014)

(2017) Epidemiology of dermatomycoses in Kerman province, southeast of Iran: A 10-years retrospective study (2004–2014). Microbial Pathogenesis. pp. 561-567. ISSN 08824010 (ISSN)

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Objectives Superficial and cutaneous fungal infections (SCFIs) are an important public health problem and are common in tropical and subtropical countries. Pityriasis versicolor, dermatophytosis, erythrasma, onychomycosis, and otomycosis are the major diseases associated with SCFIs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and causative agents of dermatomycoses over a period of 10 years in Kerman province, southeast of Iran. Methods A number of 1782 subjects, including 1096 females and 686 males, with cutaneous disorders in their skin, nail, and hair suspected to have SCFIs participated in this study. The collected specimens were examined using direct microscopy examination, staining, culture on specific media and PCR-RFLP technique. Results In total, 617 (34.62) subjects had SCFIs, of whom 290 (47) were female and 327 (53) were male. Identified SCFIs included yeast infections, dermatophytosis, saprophyte onychomycosis, erythrasma, and otomycosis due to non-dermatophytic molds (NDMs). The highest prevalence of dermatomycoses was found among the 41–50-year and 31–40-year age groups. Tinea unguium was the most common clinical pattern of dermatomycoses, and T. mentagrophytes was the predominant agent. Also, Aspergillus spp. were the most common NDMs agents of onychomycosis and otomycosis. Conclusions This study summarized the epidemiological trends and etiologic agents of SCFIs in a 10-year period in Kerman, southeast of Iran. Consideration of the current epidemiologic trends in the prevalence and knowledge of the exact causative agents of SCFIs may play an important key role towards further investigations, diagnosis, and modification of current treatments. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Dermatomycoses Epidemiology Iran Onychomycosis Skin diseases adult Arthroderma otae Article Aspergillus child dermatomycosis dermatophytosis Epidermophyton floccosum erythrasma female hair disease human major clinical study male mycosis nail disease nonhuman otomycosis priority journal retrospective study skin disease Trichophyton Trichophyton barbae Trichophyton capitis Trichophyton concentricum Trichophyton corporis Trichophyton faciei Trichophyton imbricata Trichophyton manuum Trichophyton mentagrophytes Trichophyton pedis Trichophyton rubrum Trichophyton schoenleinii Trichophyton unguium Trichophyton verrucosum Trichophyton violaceum adolescent aged classification fungus infant isolation and purification microbiological examination microbiology microscopy middle aged molecular diagnosis preschool child prevalence very elderly young adult Aged, 80 and over Child, Preschool Fungi Humans Microbiological Techniques Molecular Diagnostic Techniques Retrospective Studies
Page Range: pp. 561-567
Journal or Publication Title: Microbial Pathogenesis
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 110
Identification Number:
ISSN: 08824010 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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