Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Bam University of Medical Sciences

Prognosis of COVID-19 patients using lab tests: A data mining approach

(2023) Prognosis of COVID-19 patients using lab tests: A data mining approach. Health Science Reports. p. 9.

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BackgroundThe rapid prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a pandemic worldwide and affected the lives of millions. The potential fatality of the disease has led to global public health concerns. Apart from clinical practice, artificial intelligence (AI) has provided a new model for the early diagnosis and prediction of disease based on machine learning (ML) algorithms. In this study, we aimed to make a prediction model for the prognosis of COVID-19 patients using data mining techniques. MethodsIn this study, a data set was obtained from the intelligent management system repository of 19 hospitals at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Iran. All patients admitted had shown positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test results. They were hospitalized between February 19 and May 12 in 2020, which were investigated in this study. The extracted data set has 8621 data instances. The data include demographic information and results of 16 laboratory tests. In the first stage, preprocessing was performed on the data. Then, among 15 laboratory tests, four of them were selected. The models were created based on seven data mining algorithms, and finally, the performances of the models were compared with each other. ResultsBased on our results, the Random Forest (RF) and Gradient Boosted Trees models were known as the most efficient methods, with the highest accuracy percentage of 86.45 and 84.80, respectively. In contrast, the Decision Tree exhibited the least accuracy (75.43) among the seven models. ConclusionData mining methods have the potential to be used for predicting outcomes of COVID-19 patients with the use of lab tests and demographic features. After validating these methods, they could be implemented in clinical decision support systems for better management and providing care to severe COVID-19 patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: artificial intelligence COVID-19 data mining Gradient Boosted Trees machine learning artificial-intelligence infections prediction Public, Environmental & Occupational Health General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: p. 9
Journal or Publication Title: Health Science Reports
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 6
Number: 1
Identification Number:
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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